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Abel Name Meaning in Bible


The Bible is a rich source of names and their meanings. Many parents choose to name their children after biblical figures, and one of the most popular names is Abel. The name Abel has a significant meaning in the Bible, as it is the name of one of the first sons of Adam and Eve. This article explores the story of Cain and Abel, the meaning of the name Abel, and its significance in the Old Testament.

The Story of Cain and Abel

The story of Cain and Abel is one of the most well-known stories in the Bible. According to the book of Genesis, Cain and Abel were the first two sons of Adam and Eve. Cain was a farmer, while Abel was a shepherd. One day, they both brought offerings to God. Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil, while Abel brought the firstborn of his flock and their fat portions. God was pleased with Abel's offering, but not with Cain's. This made Cain very angry, and he killed his brother Abel out of jealousy.

The Meaning of the Name Abel

The name Abel is of Hebrew origin and means 'breath' or 'vapor'. It is derived from the Hebrew word 'hebel', which is used in the Old Testament to describe the fleeting nature of life. The name Abel is also associated with sacrifice, as Abel was the first person in the Bible to offer a sacrifice to God. In this sense, the name Abel can be seen as a symbol of devotion and faith.

Abel in the Old Testament

Apart from the story of Cain and Abel, the name Abel appears several times in the Old Testament. In the book of Psalms, Abel is mentioned as a righteous man who was killed by the wicked. In the book of Hebrews, Abel is described as a man of faith who offered a better sacrifice than Cain. The book of Genesis also mentions that Adam and Eve had another son named Seth, who was born after Abel's death. Seth is believed to be the ancestor of Noah and ultimately, Jesus Christ.


In conclusion, the name Abel has a rich history and meaning in the Bible. It is associated with sacrifice, devotion, and faith, and is a popular choice for parents looking for a biblical name for their child. The story of Cain and Abel serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of jealousy and the importance of brotherly love. Overall, the name Abel is a powerful reminder of the fleeting nature of life and the need to live a life of purpose and meaning.