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What Does the Name Solomon Mean in the Bible?


The name Solomon is one of the most famous and significant names in the Bible. It is associated with wisdom, wealth, and power, and is often used as a symbol of these qualities. In this article, we will explore the origins and meaning of the name Solomon, as well as its significance in the life of King David and the history of Israel.

Origins of the Name Solomon

The name Solomon is derived from the Hebrew word shalom, which means peace. It is also related to the word shalem, which means complete or whole. The name was given to King David's second son by his wife Bathsheba, who was originally named Bathshua. According to the Bible, Solomon was born in Jerusalem and was known for his wisdom and wealth.

Solomon in the Life of King David

Solomon played an important role in the life of his father King David. According to the Bible, David had many wives and concubines, and there was often conflict and competition among his sons. However, David had promised Bathsheba that Solomon would be his successor, and he worked to ensure that this would happen. When David was old and feeble, his son Adonijah tried to seize the throne, but Bathsheba and Nathan the prophet convinced David to declare Solomon as his successor. Solomon was anointed king and Adonijah was put to death.

Solomon's Reign as King

Solomon's reign as king was marked by great prosperity and peace. He built the Temple in Jerusalem, which became the center of Jewish worship and the symbol of God's presence among his people. He also built many other impressive structures, including his own palace and a fortified city called Megiddo. Solomon was known for his wisdom and his ability to judge fairly, and he was respected by his subjects and by other rulers throughout the region.

Solomon's Wisdom

Solomon's wisdom is legendary in the Bible. According to the book of Kings, God appeared to Solomon in a dream and offered to give him anything he wanted. Solomon asked for wisdom to govern his people justly, and God granted his request. Solomon became famous for his ability to discern the truth and to make wise decisions. He was also a prolific writer, and many of his proverbs and sayings are still quoted today.

Solomon's Wealth

Solomon was also known for his great wealth. According to the Bible, he received tribute from many other rulers, and his annual income was said to be 666 talents of gold. He also had a large harem of wives and concubines, which was a sign of his power and wealth. However, his love of luxury and his many foreign wives eventually led to his downfall.

Solomon's Downfall

Despite his many accomplishments, Solomon's reign was not without its problems. He taxed his people heavily to pay for his building projects and his lavish lifestyle, which caused resentment and unrest. He also married many foreign women, who brought with them their own gods and religious practices. Solomon allowed these practices to continue, which angered God and led to the division of Israel after his death. Solomon's son Rehoboam became king of the southern kingdom of Judah, while Jeroboam became king of the northern kingdom of Israel.


The name Solomon is a powerful symbol of wisdom, wealth, and power in the Bible. It represents the achievements and the failures of one of the greatest kings in Israel's history. Solomon's reign was marked by great prosperity and peace, but it was also marred by his love of luxury and his many foreign wives. Despite his flaws, Solomon remains an important figure in Jewish and Christian history, and his name continues to be used as a symbol of wisdom and success.